==============================  CFJ 1438  ==============================

    The Order issued by Steve, 'I order the Bank to forgive RedKnight's
    Oligarchy upkeep debt.'
    (http://www.escribe.com/games/agora-business/m9000.html) is not a
    properly-issued Order.


Caller:                                 G.
Barred:                                 Steve
Barred:                                 RedKnight

Judge:                                  Sir Toby

Judge:                                  Cecilius

Judge:                                  Pakaran

Judge:                                  Murphy
Judgement:                              TRUE



Called by G.:                           18 Feb 2003 16:38:31 GMT
Assigned to Sir Toby:                   18 Feb 2003 23:26:08 GMT
Sir Toby recused:                       02 Mar 2003 21:25:19 GMT
Assigned to Cecilius:                   09 Mar 2003 23:42:23 GMT
Cecilius recused:                       30 Mar 2003 23:42:23 GMT
Assigned to Pakaran:                    31 Mar 2003 18:20:34 GMT
Pakaran recused:                        08 Apr 2003 01:37:41 GMT
Assigned to Murphy:                     14 Apr 2003 15:24:14 GMT
Judged TRUE by Murphy:                  15 Apr 2003 05:27:09 GMT


Caller's Arguments:

If it is a Private Order, the Order is improper by judicial
precedent, as it Orders the bank to perform an action over
which the Bank's executors have discretion (and require no
Objections to perform).

However, an Order must be valid *and* Proper (properly-issued)
for the Bank to forgive a debt [R1470e].

Propriety of Orders is not explicitly defined in the Rules and
left to judicial review.  For example, it has been found that,
due to R101, it is improper to Order an entity to perform an
action over which they have Rules-granted discretion.

 R2010 reads:
    If an Oligarch does not pay eir Oligarchy Upkeep within a
    week of the GWotO's announcement of the debt, then the GWotO
    shall remove the Oligarch from the Oligarchy, and Order the
    Bank to forgive the Upkeep debt.

Now, this contains two clauses for the GWotO to act upon.
E must both remove an Oligarch and Order the Bank to forgive
the debt.

Due to a bug in other Rules currently under CFJ, the GWotO was
(arguably) not able to remove Redknight from the Oligarcy.
E was still required to issue the Order, which e did.  E has
attempted to perform one of the above duties, and by issuing
the Order performed the other one.

But it is not required that this Order be found to be Proper.
Specifically, the intent of this double-clause (forgiveness due
to being removed from Oligarchy) is clear.  I argue that this is
"strong" intent in that it is clear to a reasonable reader that
one is conditioned on the other.  The forgiveness of debt is
conditioned on a Player being removed from the Oligarchy.  While
the player remains unremoved, e is able to exercise all Oligarchic
powers and privileges, and therefore the debt should not be

Again, I emphasize that the Order was valid and that the GWotO
was required to issue it.  But it is within the discretion of
a reasonable judge to find that the Order is improper, as the
Order violates the strong intent of R2010 by allowing forgiveness
of a debt that should not be forgiven while a Player remains an


Caller's Evidence:

See CFJ 1295:
specifically solublefish's arguments following Appeal, and
Justice Steve's arguments in Appeal 1295b:


Judge Murphy's Arguments:

I agree with this line of reasoning, and Judge TRUE.